Standard components are an innovation that the world of industry needed. This is because standard components allow manufacturers to mass produce products in the hundreds of thousands or millions and in a form that can be readily consumed by people all over the world. This is different from custom parts, which need to be designed and manufactured for a particular use.
Standard components offer many advantages for manufacturers, but before we get into that, let us talk about a time before they were any standard components.
A Brief History of Standard Components
Before the industrial revolution, standard components were non-existent, meaning that components had to be custom made. This required excellent craftsmanship and it was a slow painful process that made it extremely hard and expensive to mass produce products for consumers. Needless to say, these were hard times for everyone involved, from the manufacturers to the consumers.
With such difficulties, products were kept relatively simple in design and manufacturers had to rely on very skilled workers to craft custom components. This, in turn, led to factories being relatively small because everything had to be manufactured in-house. But that all changed with the industrial revolution when standard components were introduced, allowing manufacturers to accelerate the manufacturing process significantly.
Standard components quickly became the basis of many complex products, which led to the rapid acceleration of the world of industry. These days, standard components are in almost everything, from the smartphones we use to communicate and entertain ourselves to the cars we drive and even aeroplanes we use to travel across the world.
Advantages of Using Standard Components
Standard components come with some major advantages. Here are some of them.
- Cut down costs. This is because standard components are mass-produced, allowing you to purchase them in bulk and at a discount. Furthermore, since several suppliers can manufacturer the standard components at once, this leads to high competition for your business, which leads to lower prices, more choices in terms of suppliers and increased quality.
- Easier for staff to assemble. As mentioned earlier, custom components require the need for highly skilled craftsmen to assemble even the simplest products. But with standard components, there is no need since staff require less expertise to use them to assemble products. This also makes the setting up of a larger manufacturing line easier.
- They are easily accessible. Ordering standard components is also easy, as all the sizes and dimensions are available in table or structure form. All you have to do is pick and choose the ones you want.
- Guarantees consistency. Because standard components are supplied in standard sizes and quality, you are guaranteed to get consistent results on both fronts.
- Makes it easier to manufacture complex components. When using standard components, manufacturers can get straight to manufacturing their specific complex products (such as televisions, smartphones, cars) instead of having to worry about making the specific components of each unit themselves.
- Less demanding quality and safety testing. Dealing with standard components allows for batch testing. This is because the components in a batch are essentially the same, allowing for quick identification, removal and fixing of components.
The invention of standard components is what propelled the entirety of industry in the right direction. For once, manufacturers could produce high-quality products in mass quantities, making life easier for consumers all over the world until this very day. That is why it is important to use them in the manufacturing process.